Vertigo is defined as a type of dizziness where it may feel as if there is motion even though the individual is completely stationary. The symptoms are caused by a dysfunction of the vestibular system found within the inner ear. It is generally associated with vomiting and nausea, in addition to a balance disorder. The condition is known to make it difficult to walk or stand normally. There are considered to be three different types of vertigo, which includes objective, subjective, and pseudovertigo. It is believed that vertigo and general dizziness are considered to be some of the most common complaints within the medical industry. It affects around 30% of the general population and can affect people of all ages. Generally, it is not a concern when it is found in children, but it is more prevalent and possibly severe when it occurs within adults.
Vertigo is often associated with feeling unsteady and having excessive perspiration. Those who have vertigo tend to deal with episodes often to the extent that it begins to affect their daily lifestyle. Sometimes the symptoms can be gradual, however they may also be immediate. Blurred vision, a low level of consciousness, difficulty speaking, and some hearing loss may also be present in those who are dealing with this condition. Sometimes it can lead to more permanent symptoms if it is related to a central nervous system disorder. Episodes may last for a short and memorable time period and only last a few minutes, however there are incidences where an episode may last for longer and the individual may not be completely aware of what is happening during that time frame. There are many conditions which may cause vertigo. However, the condition is often known to be caused by other elements when it is present in the elderly.
Gaining a treatment for vertigo depends purely on the underlying condition or cause of the vertigo itself. Sometimes it may be treated with antihistamines or various types of medication, which is one of the most common ways that the condition is treated. There are also some types of repositioning maneuvers and methods which can be used to move otoconia within the body into the utricle where they would usually be contained.
In terms of risk, vertigo is considered to be two to three times more likely to occur within women instead of men. It is a common symptom within the population and causes around 3% of the visits to urgent care. Around 5% of people experience the condition every twelve months, but only 1.4% of that statistic is found within adults.