The uterine fibroid is considered to be a non-cancerous tumor from muscle tissue which originates from the muscle layer of the uterus. The appearance of uterine fibroids is usually within a group and if the uterus begins to have too many of the tumors to count, it is referred to as being diffuse. Generally speaking, malignant versions of uterine fibroid are uncommon and rare. Fibroids are considered to be the most common of benign to women and are usually found within the middle and latter years of being fertile and reproductive. The uterine fibroids are believed to usually not present any type of symptoms, however some women experience heavy and painful periods, urinary urgency, frequency, and pain during intercourse as a result. It is believed that some uterine fibroids can interfere with pregnancy, although it is also believed that this is very rare. When symptoms from uterine fibroids become severe, it is generally a reason for hysterectomies.
When uterine fibroids are small, they may not cause any symptoms at all. The symptoms tend to depend on the location of the lesions within the body and the overall size. Noteworthy symptoms can be found in hemmoraging, painful periods, discomfort, cramps, painful defecation, bloating, urine retention, urinary frequency, urgency, and sometimes infertility. Some women report that they experience pain during intercourse, though this can depend on the location of the uterine fibroid itself. Sometimes during a pregnancy, a uterine fibroid can be the cause of a miscarriage, which is why it is generally a concern for women who have recently become pregnant and have a history of dealing with uterine fibroids. Other possibilities during this time are premature labor, bleeding, and some interference with the positioning of the fetus during the pregnancy.
Although uterine fibroids are common, they are not typically a reason for infertility anymore. They are only around 3% of the cause of why some women are not able to have children. In most cases, women who have uterine fibroids do not have to get treatment unless the fibroids are becoming bothersome due to symptoms. After menopause, these fibroids are known to shrink and it is very uncommon for them to cause problems. However, fibroids that have symptoms which are causing discomfort to women can be treated in a variety of ways. This can include treatment for anemia and infection, hysterectomies, medication used to shrink the tumors, medication used to control the symptoms associated with tumors, surgical procedures to reduce the blood supply to the tumors, destruction of the tumor from ultrasounds, and radio frequency ablations.