Cervical cancer is considered as a malignant neoplasm that has arisen from cells that are from the cervix. One of the common symptoms that is associated with cervical cancer is found in vaginal bleeding. Unfortunately, in some cases it is common that there are not any obvious symptoms until the cancer has progressed too far and has changed to a more advanced stage which requires more severe forms of treatment. The treatment that is usually used to deal with cervical cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and many other different types of options.
In order to avoid cervical cancer, it is recommended that women should get a regular cancer screening, such as pap smear. This can help doctors identify the precancerous and potentially dangerous changes in the cervical cells and tissue within the body. By treating the high grade changes, it is a good way to prevent the cells from developing into cancer in many women. It has been proven that in developed countries, the use of cervical screening programs has helped to greatly reduce the amount of invasive cervical cancer in women.
It is believed that the HPV infection is a necessary element that is in the development of most cases of cervical cancer, accounting for around 90% of the cases. There are many HPV vaccines which are now effective against the two major strains of the related family of viruses which cause 70% of the cases of cervical cancer within the US, Canada, and parts of the EU. Although these vaccines cover some of the high risk types of HPV that are related to cancer, it is still advised that women should have regular pap smear screenings even after the vaccination to ensure that they are still being protected and preventing the risks of developing cervical cancer.
The early stages of cervical cancer are considered to be asymptomatic for many women. There may be vaginal bleeding or contact bleeding, although sometimes these are confused with the menstrual cycle. Sometimes a vaginal mass may occur, but this is generally rare. Pain during intercourse and vaginal discharge are some of the more noteworthy symptoms of cervical cancer, though these can be confused with other conditions which produce the same symptoms. In an advanced case of cervical cancer, women may experience metastases in the lungs, abdomen, or in other locations. Additionally, women may also experience weight loss, loss of appetite, pelvic pain, back pain, swollen legs, leg pain, fatigue, heavy bleeding from the vaginal area, leakage of urine or feces from the vagina, and bone fractures.