Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary Tract Infection
The urinary tract infection is defined as a bacterial infection that targets the urinary tract of the body. An infection that targets the lower urinary tract is considered to be cystitis, otherwise known as a bladder infection. However, if it affects the upper urinary tract, it is considered to be pyelonephritis, otherwise known as a kidney infection. When these types of infections are present in the young or the elderly, there may be hardly any symptoms present or they may be very vague. However, in most cases, there are a few symptoms that individuals notice during the onset of the infection. This type of infection is more common in women than men and it is believed that half of the female population experiences at least one urinary tract infection during their lifetime. The risk factors for this include sexual intercourse, family history, and the general design of the female anatomy. A kidney infection typically follows a bladder infection, but it can also occur as the result of a blood borne infection as well. In most cases, these types of infections can be treated by antibiotics, assuming that the individual is not dealing with a complicated diagnosis.
The symptoms of this type of infection are known to vary depending on the age of the individual. In children, the only symptom is often a fever. Since there is not a lot of other symptoms that are present at this age, the doctors may recommend taking a urine culture in order to ensure that they have made the correct diagnosis. Infants who are dealing with this type of infection may experience vomiting, lack of appetite, sleeping more than usual, and experience jaundice. Older children are known to deal with some type of incontinence.
Elderly individuals who are experiencing urinary tract infections may also lack symptoms. This may include some incontinence or a change in mental clarity generally. Sometimes fatigue is likely. However, because these are elements that the elderly typically experience, it can be hard to pinpoint the symptoms as a result of the infection. The diagnosis may be more common if the incontinence is persistent in a situation when the individual is generally not affected by it.
In most cases of urinary tract infection, the symptoms include the sensation of burning during urination. The individual may experience the sensation of feeling as if they have to urinate frequently, although when they go to the restroom, they may experience that nothing comes out. Some individuals may experience nausea, vomiting, and flank pain. Additionally, other individuals may experience blood in the urine or pus.