Testicular cancer is a form of cancer that develops when the cells that are abnormal begin to grow at a rapid rate in the testicle area. This form of cancer is curable with high levels of success when there is an early diagnosis. Testicular cancer occurs in the male sex organs that store sperm. This is also the area of the male reproductive system that creates testosterone. It should be noted that this form of cancer is not incredibly common and it generally affects males between the ages of 15 and 35. Testicular cancer primarily occurs in white males but can occur in other races. The following is a list of causes, symptoms and treatments for testicular cancer.
Causes of Testicular Cancer
There are several causes of testicular cancer. Testicular cancer can be caused by a testicle that has not completely dropped into the scrotum from the pelvis. Though this symptom can lead to testicular cancer it is generally called undescended testicle during the early stages. Testicles generally drop into the scrotum before the child is born and at the latest by the time they are three months old. If this is an issue your doctor should be consulted immediately. Another cause of testicular cancer is a genetic syndrome that affects males. With this particular syndrome males have an extra X chromosome and in rare cases they may have as many as four chromosomes. A final cause of testicular cancer can be a family history of testicular cancer. It should be noted that most males who contract testicular cancer do not have any risk factors in their history or in their current medical background.
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
Symptoms of testicular cancer may occur due to a size or shape located in one or both of the testes. The size and shape may be abnormal and can be a clear sign that testicular cancer may be present. The size or shape may not cause any type of pain or issue other than an abnormality in sight or touch. If the male has a heavy feeling in the scrotum area there may be a sign of testicular cancer symptoms. A dull pressure or pain in the lower back, belly or growing can also lead to the concept of symptoms of testicular cancer. If you have pressure, pain, heavy feeling in the scrotum or unusual shape or size of the testes notify a doctor immediately.
The first treatment step with testicular cancer is surgery. This surgery is designed to remove the testicle that has cancer. Removing the testicle will allow the doctor to fight the type of cancer cells present and create a treatment plan for the patient. After surgery the following treatments may the implemented. Surveillance treatment is one of the first options. Surveillance treatment for testicular cancer is to simply watch the area and check for any abnormalities or the resurgence of cancer. Chemotherapy is another option which can be used to help destroy the cancer cells that may still be present after surgery. Radiation therapy which is a does of x-rays can also be administered to destroy the cancer cells after surgery. Additional surgery may be necessary if cancer returns.