Surrogacy is the process of carrying a child for another woman or couple due to infertility or other pregnancy related issues. Though surrogacy is not a medical condition, there are a few things that people should know about surrogacy prior to considering it as a fertility option.
Types of Surrogacy
The most common misconception regarding surrogacy is that there is only one form of surrogacy. There are two types of surrogacy. The first type of surrogacy is called traditional surrogacy. Traditional forms of surrogacy include artificial insemination. The pregnancy is carried out to full term with the surrogate acting as the birth mother. When the baby is delivered it is given to the parents and the birth mother signs over all rights to the baby.
The second type of surrogacy is gestational surrogacy. This form of surrogacy uses IVF technology. This means the sperm from the father is used to fertilize the eggs from the mother. When the eggs from the mother are confirmed to be fertilized they are placed in the surrogate for the surrogate to carry to full term.
Reasons for Surrogacy
There are several reasons that a woman or couple may choose to use surrogacy as a fertility option. The first reason is due to the mother being unable to have children, carry a child safely to term or another related infertility issue. A woman may have had a hysterectomy and a surrogate would be required in order for the woman or couple to have children. Age and medical conditions may also play into the reasons a woman or couple would choose to use a surrogacy option.
Where to Find Surrogacy Candidates
It is up to the couple or woman wishing to use a surrogate as to what criteria they want the surrogate to have. Finding the surrogate that fits their needs can be a bit more challenging. The first place that many couples and single potential mothers look for surrogacy is to friends and family. There is often a friend or family member that will be happy to act as a surrogate. Agencies are a second place that couples can look for a surrogate. The benefit of these methods is the family knows that the surrogate is legitimate.