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Sore Throat

Sore Throat

A sore throat is a common occurrence when an individual has sinus issues, colds, flu, strep throat and other issues that may cause complications with the throat area. A sore throat can have minor irritation which will go away after the use of cough drops or suppressants. Sore throats may also have major connections to other issues such as lung cancer and severe throat complications. The following is a list of causes and symptoms as well as treatments for sore throat.

Causes

A sore throat can be caused by several different factors. Most common is a viral infection. A viral infection such as a cold can cause severe sore throat issues. These issues can generally be helped with the use of antibiotics or penicillin. Another cause for sore throats is bacterial infections. A bacterial infection from strep throat tonsillitis or a rare sexually transmitted disease can cause sore throat issues. Again, much like their viral infection counterparts sore throats are caused from bacterial infections can be treated with a course of antibiotics and at-home remedies. Throat irritation can be caused by smoking, polluted air, yelling, post nasal drip, and humidity can all be reduced with the use of over-the-counter medications.

Symptoms

There are a few symptoms of sore throats that are not connected to other symptoms. One of the symptoms of sore throat is the sore and tenderness of the throat area. Difficulty swallowing, difficulty talking and difficulty relaxing the throat muscles to avoid coughing are all symptoms of sore throat. Outward symptoms of a sore throat can be swollen glands or a tender neck feeling around the front throat area.

Treatments

Treatments for sore throat vary depending on the severity of the sore throat issue. For sore throats are caused by irritation such as allergies or post nasal drip, the treatments are over-the-counter throat lozenges and hot tea as well as over-the-counter allergy medication such as Benadryl. For sore throats that are linked to either a viral or bacterial infection, the treatment plans are determined by the doctor. These treatment plans generally include penicillin and a form of 14 day antibiotics. Antibiotics should be taken until it is completed in order to keep the sore throat from returning. If strep throat is the reason for the sore throat then other steps may be taken depending on the severity of strep throat.
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