Rosacea is a common and harmless skin condition that causes redness, swelling, and acne-like sores on the face and neck. It isn’t a serious condition, though it is most often chronic meaning people who have rosacea, will spend their life treating it. There isn’t a cure for rosacea, but there are many different treatments available that will lighten red spots and relieve some of the underlying symptoms of the skin condition.

Causes and Risk Factors

There is no known cause of rosacea though some people have risk factors. For example if you are a woman, fair skinned or between the ages 30 and 50, you are more likely to develop rosacea. Though men, younger and adultery individuals, and other skin types are also prone to rosacea. Someone who has rosacea will have a swelling of the blood vessels located under the skin, therefore other skin or eye disorders like acne vulgaris, seborrhea, blepharitis, and keratitis, might increase the risk of getting rosacea.

Symptoms of Rosacea

The majority of signs and symptoms of rosacea are physical and those you can see, which is usually what leads people to visit their physician or dermatologist. The most common symptoms of rosacea include redness in the face, easily blushing or flushing, having a variety of spider-like blood vessels on your face, also called telangiectasia, having a reddened nose which is referred to as a bulbous nose, skin sores appearing like acne that must be crusty or ooze, burning or stinging feeling in your face, or eyes that are watery, bloodshot, or irritated.

Diagnosing Rosacea

A physical examination is usually the only thing needed to make a firm diagnosis of rosacea. However, they might also go through your medical history, including finding out if you have a parent or sibling with rosacea, along with certain tests to confirm the diagnosis. Even if you think you have a mild version of the skin condition, you should see your doctor or dermatologist for a diagnosis so you can begin treating it.

Treating Rosacea

There is currently no cure for rosacea, but this doesn’t mean you can’t get successful treatment. The main goal of treatment is to avoid what makes your symptoms worse and look for further treatment options. Identifying the triggers can help reduce side effects and symptoms of rosacea, such as flare-ups where it seems worse. Reducing or preventing symptoms of rosacea usually entails avoiding direct sun exposure and using sunscreen on a daily basis, avoiding physical activity in hot weather, reducing stress through breathing or relaxation techniques, and limiting alcoholic beverages and hot beverages, and spicy foods which are common triggers.

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