PCOS, also known as polycystic ovary syndrome, is considered to be one of the most common disorders of the female endocrine system. PCOS is considered to be a complex disorder which is believed to be classified as a genetic disease. It is believed that it produces symptoms in women from around 5% to 10% of the reproductive age, viewed from 12 to 45 years old. It is one of the leading causes of female subfertility and one of the most frequent problems of the endocrine system which plagues women who are able to reproduce. Generally, the features for this condition can be found in anolvulation, irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, insulin resistance, acne, high cholestoral, type 2 diabetes, and obesity.
There are many different signs and symptoms that are associated with the condition of PCOS. These symptoms vary depending on the severity or mildness of the functions and the overall condition itself. Some of the classic definitions showcase obesity, menstrual dysfunction, and hirsutism. However, there are other symptoms of PCOS which should be noted as well. These can include infertility, menstrual disorders, metabolic syndrome, and hyperandrogenism. Women who are experiencing any or all of these symptoms are advised to get in contact with their physician for further examination.
The condition of PCOS is considered to be a complex, heterogenous disorder. It is not completely clear what may cause it, although many believe that it may be a genetic disease. There is some evidence that shows that there is a clustering of cases of PCOS that can be found throughout families. The clinical severity of each case of PCOS tends to be affected by the factors of elements such as obesity. If a woman is obese, she is more likely to have a more severe and pronounced case of PCOS.
There are various options that doctors can present to women who are dealing with the condition. Generally, PCOS and its management is tailored to meet the goals and needs of the woman who has the condition. These can be considered to be found in four categories, which include restoring fertility, treating acne, lowering insulin levels, and restoration of regular menstruation. Another important aspect that is covered is the goal to prevent endometrial cancer. Every category has its own debate regarding some of the optional treatments that are available. This is mainly because there are not many clinical trials which compare the different treatments which are available.