Overactive bladder is considered to be a urological condition that is characterized by a defined set of symptoms. These symptoms can include incontinence, urgency, and nocturia. The frequency is defined as urinating more than eight times a day. However, there is some controversy over the use of the term due to the fact that if the symptoms are taken separately, they can overlap with other types of bladder conditions that showcase the same symptoms. Some doctors still refuse to accept overactive bladder as an actual condition, believing it to be more of a symptom of more serious or well-defined conditions. Studies are currently being done to gain more insight into what causes overactive bladder and alternative treatments that can be used to provide relief to those who continue to suffer from the condition on a daily basis.
The exact cause of overactive bladder is not clear. It is possible that there are multiple causes that can lead to overactive bladder. The condition is usually associated with the over-activity of the detrusor urinae muscle. In fact, the treatments that are associated with overactive bladder are usually also treatments for detrusor over-activity as well. There are many studies which are seeking to determine what the main cause is for overactive bladder. In example, the investigations are used to try to rule out other possible causes such as an infection, kidney stones, tumors, and other issues with the bladder.
Usually the treatments that are associated with overactive bladder involve making some changes to the general lifestyle of the affected individual. For example, this can involve giving up caffeine and being careful regarding which fluids are brought into the body. Doctors may suggest the use of bladder retraining or even the use of botox to help treat some of the symptoms associated with overactive bladder. Since the symptoms of overactive bladder can be so similar to other conditions, such as interstitial cystitis, doctors generally have to perform a series of tests and confirm that there are no other conditions which may be causing the overactive bladder before they begin to treat it. Alternatively, although some conditions may share the same symptoms, only certain conditions will respond to related treatments. For this reason and since there is not a large amount of information about the condition of overactive bladder yet, it can sometimes be an extended process before a suitable treatment is discovered.