Organ donation can be defined as the donation of organs or other types of tissue from the human body to a living recipient who needs a transplant. The organs and tissues can be donated from a living or dead individual, assuming that they are in proper functioning order and will be a compatible match for the living individual in need of the transplant. The transplantable tissues and organs will be removed in a surgical procedure and then transplanted to the individual in question. These types of procedures are known as allotransplantations. The laws associated with organ donation tend to vary depending on location and country. In example, some laws allow people to refuse or permit the use of donation, while other laws may state that relatives will be allowed to determine this if anything is to happen to the individual in the future.
Despite how organ donation can have many positive effects, there are numerous bioethical issues which have come to be a concern over the decades that transplantation has been available. There are some groups which do not support organ donation because of their religious beliefs. Elements such as living wills and other types of legalities make it fairly impossible for someone to volunteer the organs of another individual for donation unless they have actual consent from the person in question. There are some people that believe that the use of organ donation condones a type of self-harm. There are also some groups which debate whether it is ethical to keep someone who is brain-dead artificially animate to keep organs preserved in order to ensure that those organs could be used for future transplantation into other individuals. It is not uncommon for there to be debates over the terminology brain death in comparison to cardiac death and whether these elements make it ethical to use organ donation.
There are many who argue that the use of organ donation is fine as long as both individuals are living. This would be possible in situations where another individual needed a kidney and someone was found to be a suitable match; because individuals can easily survive and live comfortably after donating a kidney, this would be considered to be ethical by many. Most religious groups do not have issues with organ donation as they consider this to be an act of charity; however, each of them have their own requirements and terms that list how an organ transplant and donation must be done in order to maintain respect and obedience within these personal beliefs.