Neuropathy can be defined as any type of damage to the nerves found within the body, though it is commonly used to refer to the nerves of the peripheral nervous system. It can be caused by several diseases which affect the nerves or can also be caused by trauma that has occurred to the nerves due to illness. There are four different patterns associated with neuropathy, including autonomic neuropathy, mononeuritis multiplex, polyneuropathy, and mononeuropathy. Generally, people tend to experience peripheral polyneuropathy which is known to affect the legs and the feet. The type of neuropathy that the individual is experiencing can be further distinguished by the overall size or cause of the fiber involvement for the individual. There are many different symptoms that are associated with the condition of neuropathy. However, it is important to understand that those who are experiencing any type of condition which may lead to nerve damage or symptoms within the nerves may experience a wide range of problems that are associated with the general function of the nerves. This can include elements such as loss of function, like tremors, numbness, and gait abnormality. Other times, individuals may express that they are experiencing itching, pain, tingling, or the sensation of pins and needles upon their skin. The pain can become unbearable to an extent that the individual may need to be treated with narcotic drugs via the recommendation of their doctor. Symptoms can be very extensive beyond these points and can be related to other conditions as well. It is believed that there are several different causes of neuropathy, though they have been placed into categories more than specific causes themselves. These categories include genetic diseases, physical trauma, vitamin deficiency, inflammatory diseases, toxicity issues, metabolic and endocrine problems, malignant disease, chemotherapy, and toxic causes such as overdoses on drugs or certain types of vitamins. The causes for individuals experiencing neuropathy can range greatly based on these points. Since causes are known to range so greatly, the treatment also tends to vary. In most cases, the treatments that are employed are considered to be symptomatic. Treatment may be provided in the form of drugs that are known to have an impact on the central nervous system and reduce some of the symptoms that are commonly associated with the cause that the individual may be previously diagnosed from. Additionally, doctors are providing a large amount of focus on researching various other treatments that can be used to ease and eventually stop the progression of neuropathy.

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