What is Mono?
Mono is an illness defined by symptoms that are caused by EBV, or the Epstein-Barr virus. It is usually associated with teenagers, although people of any age can get Mono. This virus is generally spread through sharing saliva, which is why some people associate it with the term of “the kissing disease”, though it can be contracted in other ways. People can be exposed to the virus by sneezing, coughing, or having shared food, drink, or utensils with someone who is infected. It takes up to eight weeks for the symptoms to appear after the individual has been infected.
What Are the Symptoms of Mono?
The symptoms of mono may include sore throat, fever, swollen lymph glands, headache, muscle weakness, fatigue, swollen tonsils, and night sweats. These symptoms are commonly seen after four or six weeks. The symptoms last for around one to two months, depending on whether or not the individual gets treatment.
In consideration of the symptoms that are commonly associated with mono, it can be hard to distinguish the difference between mono and the flu.
How to Treat Mono
There is not a specific treatment that is available for mono, meaning there are no drugs or vaccines which will help to make it disappear. Your doctor may be able to prescribe medication that will help to reduce the swelling of your throat and tonsils. In most cases, symptoms will disappear on their own within the one or two months that the individual is infected. Your doctor will provide you with treatments that will help to ease your symptoms since there is not a traditional cure for the ailment. You may also be recommended to use over-the-counter medication to assist with your recovery.
It is generally recommended that those who are diagnosed with mono should consider staying at home to get plenty of rest. Eating healthier foods and drinking fluids to prevent any type of dehydration is also recommended.
Can Mono Be Prevented?
Unfortunately, Mono is fairly impossible to prevent from contracting. Once you have been infected with mono, even if you recover completely, there’s still a chance that you can always infect someone with it again in the future. It’s believed that adults who have been infected with the ailment by age of 35 are able to develop antibodies to help fight off the infection as they continue to age, however. In this consideration, it is believed that most people only contract mono once in their lives.