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Mitrial Valve Prolapse

Mitral Valve Prolapse

Mitral valve prolapse is the term used for a heart condition where the valve separating the upper and lower chambers of the heart, don’t close properly. This can cause things such as headaches, dizziness, chest pain, and other symptoms. As you will find out below, there are many factors that might lead to this heart condition, something that should be may need treatment.

Causes of Mitral Valve Prolapse

The mitral valve is what helps blood on the left side of the heart flow in on direction. Most people who have mitral valve prolapse don’t know they have it, and don’t need to get treatment. A number of things can cause the mitral valve to not close properly. It is more common in women who are very thin because they have chest wall deformities or scoliosis. Some types of mitral valve prolapse can be inherited where they are passed down from parents or other close family members. Some people with connective tissue disorders, such as Marfan syndrome, have shown to have mitral valve prolapse.

Symptoms of Mitral Valve Prolapse

Many people who have mitral valve prolapse will never show any symptoms which is why they may be living with it and have no idea. Others experience symptoms like chest pain, dizziness, fatigue, panic attacks, shortness of breath when lying flat or with activity, or a sensation of feeling the heartbeat, such as heart palpitations.

Diagnosing Mitral Valve Prolapse

A physical examination is usually the first step of diagnosing mitral valve prolapse, where he or she will listen to your heart and lungs. Some tests may be performed including an echocardiogram, chest x-ray, cardiac catheterization, CT scan of the chest, ECG, or an MRI of the heart.

Treating Mitral Valve Prolapse

Many times, symptoms are not noticed so no treatment is needed. The only time you will need treatment is if your symptoms are getting worse, the left ventricle of your heart is enlarged, or your heart function is getting worse. In these cases, you may need surgery to repair or replace the mitral valve. For most people, however, the mitral valve prolapse is harmless and surgery is an unnecessary risk. Many of the side effects of mitral valve prolapse can be treated with medications. Severely abnormal heartbeats caused by the mitral valve prolapse might need to be treated, though this is rare. If you are experiencing chest pain or irregular heartbeat, consult your doctor.
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