Lung disease is a very common medical condition which has been known to affect many people around the world. It is estimated that there are millions of people who are affected by some type of lung disease within the United States. The disease can be caused by problems in any part of the lungs and can be related to infections, smoking, genetics, or other elements known to cause potential damage. A few common lung diseases include bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, asthma, allergies, and emphysema. Different types of lung diseases affect different parts of the lung and provide different types of health issues.
There are three different types of lung disease that individuals can experience. The first is considered to be restrictive lung disease which is responsible for a lack of the capacity of intake of air within the lungs. This tends to happen when the lungs have lost their elasticity. It can be the result of some type of infection or other issue that the individual is experiencing. It is most commonly seen in interstitial lung disease, which makes it very hard for the individual to be able to get enough oxygen necessary for their body.
Obstructive lung disease occurs when the airflow that is being released from the lungs is becoming decreased because the airways are blocked or have shrunk for some reason. This is common within diseases such as bronchitis and asthma, showcased by the constant shortness of breath. It is also caused by those who have experienced or participated in a lot of smoking throughout their years. The preventative measure worth considering is to stop smoking immediately.
Yet another type of lung disease occurs when there are just natural defects that are found in the lungs themselves. Sometimes this is the result of a birth defect or it begins to grow over time. In this situation, the air sacs of the lungs are not able to deliver oxygen to the blood stream properly. This can be seen in individuals who are dealing with conditions like pulmonary fibrosis or emphysema. Sometimes it is the result of smoking, such as with emphysema – though other times the condition is far beyond the control of the individual, such as if it were a birth defect. Ultimately, treatment for these types of conditions varies depending on the category of lung disease that the individual is suffering from. The doctor may prescribe an inhaler or may suggest a complete change in lifestyle, such as quitting smoking.