A kidney cyst is a pouch of fluid that can form inside your kidneys. They are most often associated with medical conditions of the kidneys, all of which impair your kidney’s normal function. However they can also be what are called simple kidney cysts that very rarely cause complications. In most of the cases, just one kidney cyst develop but multiple cysts are also possible. Simple kidney cysts don’t usually show signs and symptoms, but more serious cysts can depending on the other medical conditions.
Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Cysts
Most kidney cysts are very small and don’t cause signs or symptoms. However if it can grow large enough, symptoms include fever, upper abdominal pain, dull pain on your side or back. Due to the mild cases of many kidney cysts, most people don’t realize they have them until they get an imaging test for another medical condition. Your symptoms may be very mild in the beginning but worsen if the cyst begins growing and developing more.If you have any symptoms of a kidney cyst, you should make an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible.
Causes of Kidney Cysts
There is no definitive cause of kidney cysts. There are theories however, such as developing if the surface layer of the kidney is weakened and then filled with fluid. Kidney cysts can also be worsened due to different scenarios such as an infected cyst that causes fever and pain, a burst cyst which may cause more severe pin, or urine obstruction. Any kind of abnormal function of your kidneys put you at risk of developing a kidney cyst.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Your doctor will start with a physical examination followed by a series of tests to determine if you have kidney cysts. Tests include imaging tests such as a CT scan, MRI, or x-ray, a kidney function test, or urinalysis. You may not need to get the cyst removed or treated if it is not causing pain or discomfort. However if your imaging tests shows that it is enlarged, you may need treatment such as puncturing and draining the cyst and filling it with alcohol, or surgery to remove the cyst after draining it. To drain and remove the cyst, you usually don’t need to be admitted as it is an outpatient procedure, but you may also need to stya in the hospital for a day or two.