Head lice are small insects that live on the skin covering your scalp. When someone gets head lice, it becomes very easy to spread the lice to others. Head lice is more common with children and other places where people or children are in close proximity to each other. Head lice is usually determined by viewing it, as the head lice eggs are visible to the naked eye as flakes similar to dandruff. Head lice is called head lice because it is more common on the scalp but it can also be found in eyelashes and eyebrows.
Causes of Head Lice
Head lice is very contagious, where it can easily be contracted anywhere there are close living conditions including at home, work, or school. Eggs can live longer than 2 weeks on the scalp and head lice live up to 30 days on a human. Head lice is usually transferred through sharing a hair brush or comb, hat, or hair accessories, or sharing towels, clothing, or bedding with someone that has head lice. Even if you come close in contact with a person with head lice, you can get it. It is also important to note that anyone can get head lice and is has nothing to do with personal hygiene.
Symptoms of Head Lice
It is usually pretty easy to determine whether or not your child has head lice due to the intense itching. This itching can be severe though it should be avoided as much as possible to prevent scarring. There may also be small red bumps on the scalp as well as the shoulders or neck area. You will see tiny white flakes in the hair or on the scalp that looks like dandruff but is actually head lice eggs. It is much easier to see lice on the scalp that on clothing or pillowcases.
Diagnosing and Treating Head Lice
If your child is itching their head a lot but you are unable to see evidence of head lice, try going into a brightly lit area of your home or outdoors under direct sunlight. A magnifying glass may also help you to see evidence of head lice. You should apply head lice treatment even if just one egg is found on the head. The best way to treat head lice is to apply a medicated shampoo specifically for killing lice and eggs, such as Nix. Yu will apply the shampoo to the head, rubbing it in well and letting it sit for 10 minutes. Rinse the shampoo and check the head again in 12 hours. If you still see more, they may need another treatment. It is also important you wash or throw away all combs or hair brushes your child used, as well as hair accessories, pillow cases, and towels.