Incontinence is a lack of bladder control and can affect a large number of women. Women who have incontinence often have it more different reasons that men dealing with incontinence. The level of incontinence can range from mild to severe, depending on the cause and what type of treatments she is willing to pursue. While there is no single cause for female incontinence, there are many risk factors putting women at a higher risk of losing control of their bladder.
There isn’t a single cause that can point to incontinence for women but there are some risk factors to be aware of. Women, who have urinary tract infections, go through childbirth or menopause, have had pelvic surgeries like a hysterectomy, are increasing their weight at a rapid page, are of advanced age, or have some neurological illnesses such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis or have had a stroke, are at a higher risk of getting female incontinence. The good news is, depending on the cause, it may to be a temporary condition.
Types of Incontinence
There are four main types of incontinence that women can get; stress incontinence, urge incontinence, mixed incontinence, or overflow incontinence. Stress incontinence happens when a small amount of urine escapes during certain motions that put stress on the bladder such as laughing, sneezing, or coughing. It can also occur during or shortly after childbirth as well as during pregnancy due to the extra pressure on the bladder. Urge incontinence, also called overactive bladder, is when you have a sudden urge to urinate and typically followed by an involuntary loss of urine within seconds. This can be from having spasms in your bladder muscles. Medical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis or urinary tract infections often lead to urge incontinence. Mixed incontinence occurs when someone has more than one type of incontinence. Overflow incontinence will occur when you aren’t able to empty your bladder fully each time you go to the bathroom which may cause a dribbling of urine.
Sometimes lifestyle changes like your diet or increasing your water intake can help with incontinence problems, but you may also need medical intervention. This includes taking certain medications, doing muscle training to control leakage, training your bladder, biofeedback, and hormone creams and electrical stimulation. For women with incontinence, it may be as simple as wearing additional protection during certain lifestyles such as when she is pregnant or going through menopause.