Diabetes Type II
Diabetes, Type II
There are three types of diabetes; type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic form of the disease and the most common type of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes happens when your body is not producing enough insulin to function properly as well as insulin resistance, which is when your cells don’t react properly. Type 2 diabetes can be managed by following a special diet, exercising regularly, losing weight and checking your blood-glucose levels.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your liver, muscle cells and fat cells don’t respond how they should to the insulin in your body. When this occurs, your blood sugar (glucose) isn’t transferring to the beta cells. Blood sugar is not able to enter the cells which creates a high level of sugar built up in the blood in a condition called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes comes on gradually over time which is why many people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are adults. Many people with this disease are overweight or older when they’re diagnosed, though this is not always the case. One of the biggest risk factors for type 2 diabetes is having a family history of diabetes.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Many people with type 2 diabetes experience little or no symptoms. However it is a gradual disease so without treatment, you may start experiencing infections of the bladder, kidney or skin, fatigue, increased thirst, increased urination, or hunger. Other early warning signs of type 2 diabetes are numbness or pain in your hands or feet, erectile dysfunction and blurry vision.
Diagnosing Type 2 Diabetes
A number of different tests may be performed by your doctor to determine whether or not you have type 2 diabetes. These include several blood tests such as the fasting blood glucose level test, hemoglobin A1c test, or oral glucose tolerance test. Even if you don’t show symptoms, your doctor may test you for diabetes if you are overweight, are over the age of 45, or are a child starting to show signs of gaining weight at a rapid pace. After being diagnosed, you will be tested on a regular basis for your blood pressure, the skin and bones on your legs and feet, and whether or not your feet are becoming numb.
Treating Type 2 Diabetes
The first step to treating type 2 diabetes is lowering your blood sugar levels to a normal amount which is also the course of long term treatment to avoid some of the more serious effects from diabetes. You will learn what diet and fitness regimens to follow to maintain the condition such as what to eat and when, how to test your glucose levels, how to take your medications, how to recognize signs of high blood sugar, how much to exercise, how to handle days when you’re ill and where to buy your diabetes supplies.