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Diabetes Type I

Diabetes, Type I

Type 1 diabetes involves high blood sugar levels but is different from the more common type 2 diabetes. With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas loses its ability to make insulin, one of the body’s natural hormones. If you have type 1 diabetes, your body attacks its own immune system which results in destroying cells in the pancreas and the inability to make insulin. There is no way to prevent it or know if you will be someone that gets type 1 diabetes; there is also no single cause of the disease.

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

While anyone can be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, it is most common in children and teens, as well as some young adults. Insulin is a hormone in your body that is produced from beta cells in your pancreas. The insulin is needed to move blood sugar, also known as glucose, into these cells to be stores later for more energy. If you have type 1 diabetes, the beta cells aren’t producing insulin or a very small amount. When this occurs, the glucose builds in your bloodstream which leads to the many symptoms of type 1 diabetes. There is no single cause for type 1 diabetes though people with other autoimmune disorders are at a higher risk for type 1 diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

There are some signs and symptoms that people will first experience that may signal type 1 diabetes. These include being very thirsty and hungry, fatigue, blurred eyesight, tingling in your feet or being numb in your feet, sudden weight loss, and frequent urination. When your blood sugar gets even higher, you might have a dry mouth and dry skin, flushed face, fruity breath odor, deep and rapid breathing, the inability to keep down fluids, nausea and vomiting, and stomach pain. Low blood sugar will give you a headache, nervousness, hunger, sweating, shaking, rapid heartbeat, and body weakness.

Diagnosing Type 1 Diabetes

If you’re showing any combination of the above symptoms, your doctor ill perform a variety of blood tests to find out if you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. These blood tests include a fasting blood glucose level test, a random non-fasting blood glucose level test, oral glucose tolerance test, or a hemoglobin A1c test. Occasionally, your doctor will perform a ketone test which is done with either a blood sample or urine sample. Additional tests used for diagnosing type 1 diabetes are checking your skin and bones in your feet and legs, checking to see if your feet are numb, getting your blood pressure checked and having your cholesterol levels checked.

Treating Type 1 Diabetes

Patients who have recently been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes usually stay in the hospital in the beginning to get fast treatment. This is because the symptoms of this type of diabetes come on very quickly. You will have regular check-ups and get various treatment methods for controlling your blood sugar level. You will need to continue checking your glucose levels on your own for the rest of your life to maintain the disease.
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