Chlamydia is a diseased caused by a certain bacteria by the name of Chlamydia trachomatis. While chlamydia is usually transferred through sexual intercourse, there are other ways to get the disease. As an infection, the normal course of treatment is a round of antibiotics. You will find many different symptoms associated with Chlamydia. If you are showing the symptoms, a trip to your gynecologist or urologist, or a regular family doctor should be done as soon as possible.
Causes of Chlamydia
The most common way to get the Chlamydia infection is through sexual intercourse. Chlamydia is actually the most common sexually transmitted disease in America with people having unprotected sex and multiple partners being at the highest risk. The best way to prevent Chlamydia is by using protection when you have sex, abstaining from sex, or having just one sexual partner at a time.
Symptoms of Chlamydia
The symptoms for men and women are slightly different, with just 75% of men experiencing symptoms and only 30% of women experiencing symptoms. Men will show signs such as a burning sensation during urination, tenderness or pain in their testes, rectal discharge or pain and a discharge from their penis or rectum. In women, they will also have a burning sensation during urination as well as possible discharge from the rectum or rectal pain. Women may also experience pain during sex, vaginal discharge, and symptoms of PID or salpingitis.
Diagnosing and Treating Chlamydia
The main method of diagnosis for Chlamydia is by taking a sample of their cervical secretion or urethral discharge. This is sent in for an antibody test, cell culture, or DNA probe test. Urine samples may also be collected for further testing. You will also need to be screened for other sexually transmitted diseases like syphilis and gonorrhea because it can be linked to these diseases. The first course of treatment for Chlamydia will be a round of antibiotics such as erythromycin, azithromycin or tetracycline. A follow-up examination and testing is often done after 4 weeks to be sure the antibiotics got rid of the infection. If treated early, it can prevent future outbreaks.
The risk of short and long-term complications increase without early and proper treatment. Chlamydia can cause inflammation of the cervix for women and inflammation of the urethra for men. The infection can also spread to other areas of the body including the fallopian tubes or uterus. Women who are pregnant and get chlamydia are at a higher risk of ectopic pregnancy or infection spreading through their body after delivery. The infant you deliver can actually get the same infection through a vaginal birth so it is best to be treated immediately.