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Blood in Urine

Blood in Urine

Seeing blood in your urine can be a scary situation, but it doesn’t always mean something is seriously wrong with you. However, doctors advise anyone with blood in their urine to get medical attention immediately because many medical conditions do have blood in urine as one of the main symptoms. This doesn’t mean you have a life-threatening disease, but that it will be beneficial to get checked out. The blood in your urine can come from a variety of places including your bladder where the urine is stored, the ureters which are the tubes going from the kidney to the bladder, and the urethra which is the tube that carries urine from your bladder to expel it outside your body.

Symptoms of Hematuria

Blood in urine, also called hematuria, can be accompanied by a variety of other symptoms. The main symptom is of course visually seeing blood in your urine. You most likely won’t see drops of blood in your urine stream but the urine which look like a tea, brownish-red, red or pink color. This is called “gross hematuria.” It is also possible to have hematuria and not be able to notice it due to very small amounts of the blood in your urine which was not enough to cause a discoloration in your urine. In this case, other symptoms you experience will lead a doctor to run tests for hematuria. Hematuria can be accompanied by other symptoms such as having bladder infections, kidney infections or kidney stones. Bladder infections include pain and burning during urination in adults and a feeling of urgency, abdominal pain and burning during urination in children. Kidney infections include pain in the lower back, fever and chills. Kidney stones are detectable by severe bouts of pelvic or abdominal pain as well as swelling, weakness and high blood pressure.

Causes of Hematuria

The causes of hematuria vary based on what other conditions are associated with the blood in urine. Some of the common causes include bladder infections, kidney infections, kidney or bladder stones, kidney disease, prostate cancer or an enlarged prostate, bladder, prostate or kidney tumors, a kidney injury, vigorous exercise, sickle cell anemia and other inherited diseases, and medications such as Heparin, Penicillin, Aspirin, Phenazopyridine or Cyclophosphamide.

Diagnosing and Treating Hematuria

The first step to finding out if you have blood in urine is by inspecting your urine to see if it is discolored. Doctors will also run a variety of tests to find out the cause of the hematuria such as a kidney ultrasound, an x-ray of your urinary tract called an Intravenous Pyelogram, a cystoscopy, or a kidney biopsy. In most cases, the way to treat hematuria is by treating whatever illness, condition or disease is causing it such as kidney stones or bladder infection.
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