A blood disorder is a medical condition that occurs when parts of your blood is unable to perform its normal functions. Your blood is made up of solids and liquids, which liquid being water, salt and protein while the solid part of your blood contains, platelets, red and white blood cells. If any of these parts is irregular or is prevented in some way, it causes it to stop pumping normally through your body. Blood disorders can either be acute or chronic; chronic meaning it is a mostly permanent condition while acute blood disorders are temporary and will eventually run their course. There are many types of blood disorders and causes for these disorders.
Types of Blood Disorders
There are several different types of blood disorders someone can have, ranging from acute and short-term disorders to more severe chronic blood disorders which prove to be more dangerous and may be permanent. Blood disorders include platelet disorders which are defined as irregular platelet counts and also affect how your blood clots and cancers of the blood including myeloma and leukemia. There is also anemia, which is a common acute blood disorder, and typically caused by someone getting an insufficient amount of iron in their diet though people can also get chronic anemia. This will occur when a person’s blood doesn’t carry enough oxygen to their body. Finally there are eosinophilic disorders which involve issues with a person’s white blood cell count.
Symptoms of Blood Disorders
There are no single symptoms that could indicate a blood disorder so doctors rely on group[s of symptoms that may lead credence to a blood disorder, and use those signs and symptoms to run further tests. This includes a decrease in white blood cells which indicated leukopenia, a decrease in red blood cells to indicate anemia and a low number of platelets which usually refers to thrombocytopenia. Symptoms of anemia usually include dizziness, shortness of breath, fatigue and weakness due to the low number of red blood cells. Someone with low platelets is often bleeding easily and bruising easily as well. People with low white blood cell counts often get infections and fevers very easily that keep coming back.
The final type of blood disorder is one that includes abnormal bleeding as well as clotting. This blood disorder is often different from others because it is only inherited, whereas anyone can develop anemia or low platelet counts. With hemoglobinopathies, the person will experience abnormal proteins in their red blood cells which carry oxygen throughout their body. Associated complications of hemoglobinopathy include abnormal blood clotting and excessive bleeding which often require blood transfusions. While it is a relatively common disorder, it can be life threatening in certain situations, especially when the blood clotting occurs in the heart or brain.