Biofeedback Technology for Understanding Physiological Processes

Physiological processes are complex occurrences in a person’s body and numerous experts wish to study all of them in detail. Voluntary processes or movements can be studied as people are aware of it and are visible to people’s eyes. However, involuntary processes are a bit challenging as they occur inside the body involving nerves. Fortunately, technology makes it possible for experts to study these involuntary processes through biofeedback.

Biofeedback and instrumentation

Biofeedback gives a way for experts to study the parts of the body including their involuntary movements or processes. Biofeedback utilizes instruments designed with high technology features that can help measure involuntary processes and use generated data for treating patients or other research purposes. Experts use various instruments for biofeedback purposes. Their design varies depending on the body processes to be tested. In general, however, they include electrodes or patches placed on areas to be tested. Experts will then receive feedbacks, presented as frequencies on their devices, and utilize for providing treatment.

Common biofeedback instruments

Technological experts come up with various instruments that can measure involuntary processes occurring under muscle layers. Common instruments experts used are electrocardiograph or ECG. Many individuals have already undergone a heart checkup through this machine. It measures a person’s heartbeat and presents its intervals and activity on record. From there, experts will see if there are present abnormalities on the heart functions and indicative of potential heart problems.


Electroencephalograph is an instrument that measures brain waves by attaching a contraption on the head with embedded electrodes. Many experts utilize this instrument to treat various psychological disorders like migraines, posttraumatic stress disorders, anxiety disorders and a lot more. Electromyograph aims to measure activity occurring under muscle layers. Muscular activities can be checked physically but activities underneath the upper muscular layers can’t. This instrument is use to detect underlying activities that results to residual or continuous muscular pain a person experiences. Numerous physical therapists employ this instrument to help provide therapy to their patients. Aside from studying muscular activities, this instrument is also used for treating pelvic pain, incontinence, back pain, and a lot more.

Other Instruments To Be Considered

Other instruments are also developed with the aim of providing care and alternative treatment solution for patients. Quite a number of individuals prefer to get treated with biofeedback procedures as it provides less chances of experiencing side effects caused by other medications. This approach doesn't only apply to researchers who plan to study physiological processes in detail but also in pinpointing the primary causes of certain diseases or disorders. As technology continues to evolve, people can expect that more instruments will be developed to provide better care and treatment for patients.

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