Adenoiditis is the inflammation and infection of the adenoids located in your mouth. Most people are familiar with tonsillitis, which is the infection of your tonsils, but there are also glands higher up in your mouth that can cause an infection and become inflamed which is uncomfortable and even make it hard to breath. The adenoids are far up in your mouth and behind your nose. When these get infected, they become inflamed and swollen which makes swallowing painful and can make it difficult to take a breath. Adenoiditis is the infection of these adenoids, but is also treatable. This type of infection is more common of small children because they continue getting smaller after 5 or 6 years of age and can come close to disappearing by the time you’re a teenager.
Symptoms of Adenoiditis
If you have developed adenoiditis you may experience a wide range of symptoms. They include a sore throat, swollen glands in your neck and mouth, stuffy nose, ear pain or ringing in your ears, difficulty breathing or having to breathe through your mouth, excessive snoring or sleep apnea, and difficulty sleeping.
The first stage of treatment for adenoiditis is antibiotics. This is often enough to get rid of the infection and decrease the swollen glands and inflammation of the adenoids. Following the series of antibiotics, it is possible that it either doesn’t go away completely, or the child has persistent ear and sinus infections. In this case, surgery is done to remove the adenoids, similar to getting their tonsils removed. The surgery to remove the child’s adenoids is called an adenoidectomy. If your child still has his tonsils, they may also perform a tonsillectomy at the same time as the recovery period will be the same and it avoids a second surgery.
This type of surgery is going to remove your child’s adenoids for a permanent treatment of persistent adenoiditis. A doctor who specialized in ear, nose, and throat surgery will perform the adenoidectomy which is an outpatient and simple procedure. Your child will be put under general anesthesia so that they are asleep during the procedure and don’t wake up until the procedure is complete. The adenoids and possibly tonsils will be surgically removed through the mouth so that the only incision done is inside the mouth where these tissues are located. The recovery period includes soreness in their throat for several days, fever, snoring and mouth breathing, and mouth scabs. Warning signs following surgery are nausea, vomiting, headaches, and a stiff neck.