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Addiction and Substance Abuse in Adults

Addiction and Substance Abuse in Adults

Substance abuse and addiction affects people of all ages, but is prevalent in adults. There are a number of reasons someone becomes addicted to drugs and alcohol, with several risk factors such as a family history of substance abuse and certain conditions like anxiety or depression, leading to a high chance of developing substance abuse. People who are abusing drugs and alcohol often show common signs and symptoms which let other people know they are abusing drugs and can send warning signs so that you may help your friend or loved one get the help they need. Substances often abused by adults include alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamines (meth), heroin, prescription pills, and club drugs such as Ecstasy or LSD.

Types of Addiction and Substance Abuse

A number of drugs and substances are commonly abused by adults. They include all forms of alcohol, marijuana which is the most commonly abused drug in the United States, cocaine and crack cocaine, all types of heroin including powder and black tar heroin, meth, club or party drugs like Ecstasy (MDMA), GHB, LSD and others, and all types of prescription pills. Commonly abused prescription drugs include Vicodin, Adderall, OxyContin, Xanax, and others. Substance abuse involves drinking, swallowing, snorting, inhaling, smoking, and injecting these substances.

Signs of Addiction and Substance Abuse

People who are abusing drugs or alcohol tend to show some common signs. This includes poor dental hygiene and personal hygiene or grooming, suddenly slacking on work or school responsibilities, becoming isolated and withdrawn from society, losing interest in social activities, getting into constant financial or legal trouble, and having sudden mood swings and violent outbursts. If you think a friend or loved one is abusing drugs or alcohol, most signs show a significant difference in how they used to behave, to how they do now. Suddenly becoming more depressed, calling in sick to work, having random mood swings, and other behavioral signs are red flags for substance abuse.

Treatments for Substance Abuse

Luckily, there are many ways to treat addiction and substance abuse. The best way to get successful treatment is by locating a drug rehab center. They will combine behavioral, cognitive, and medication therapy into the treatment options. Medication therapy is used for individuals who have severe withdrawal symptoms like dizziness, headaches, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, hallucinations, anxiety, depression, seizures, body tremors, and other mild to severe symptoms. Counseling and therapy are a big part of treatment for substance abuse. The severity of the withdrawal period depends on how long they have had a substance abuse problem, the types of drugs used, and the severity of their addiction.
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