Diabetes is a disease that is associated with high blood sugar in the urine. Usually blood sugar is controlled very well by insulin which is a hormone made by the pancreas, insulin will reduce the blood glucose level. After eating food, the blood glucose will elevate. For those who do not suffer from this disease, insulin is released in the blood from the pancreas to normalize the blood glucose levels. However, the absence of the insulin will cause Diabetes. There are two types of diabetes. They are now called Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. However, they used to be referred to as insulin dependent and non-insulin dependent. There is also now a condition called pre-diabetes where people are almost diabetic but not quite yet until they start seeing more symptoms and have to be put on medication to control whichever type of diabetes they end up getting.
Symptoms of Diabetes
There are many symptoms associated with the disease of diabetes. They include increased urination, increased thirst, increased hunger, weight gain or unusual weight loss, blurry vision, getting tired more often, increased irritability, noticing cuts and bruises do not heal like they should, increased skin and yeast infections, numbness and tingling in the feet and hands, problems with sexual function in men, an increase in gum disease infection, increased itchy skin and swelling and redness around your gums where they pull away from your teeth. If you notice any of these symptoms, seek medical help right away to get treated for diabetes.
Causes of Diabetes
The leading cause of diabetes is when insufficient levels of insulin are produced in the body. Another cause of diabetes is when the cells are not able to make insulin properly. The most common problem with type 2 diabetes is when there is insulin resistance. The most common problem with type 1 diabetes is the lack of insulin that should be made.
Treatment for Diabetes
There are a few different treatments for diabetes. The main type of treatment is prescribed medication or insulin shots. Also, a well balanced diet and exercise will help control it for a normal life. Many years ago before the discovery of insulin, this disease was a deadly one. However, there are ways to control the insulin levels for both type 1 and type 2 Diabetes. With a combination of prescribed medications, insulin shots if needed and diet and exercise, your diabetes can be kept under control.