Acute morning sickness is a rare condition that makes “morning sickness” experienced in pregnancy about 10 times worse than usual. It can also be referred to as severe morning sickness or its medical name, hyperemesis gravidarum. It can make a pregnant woman not just sick, but hospitalized due to the condition. Women with acute morning sickness can’t even keep a glass of water down which leads to hydration which is harmful for the mother and baby.
What is Acute Morning Sickness?
Hyperemsis, or acute morning sickness, creates a buildup of toxins in the blood of pregnant women, usually during the first trimester. Only one percent of women get the condition, and it is more common with first pregnancies. It can be caused by a variety of things ranging from hormonal changes to genetics. It is also more common in pregnant women expecting twins, with it more common among twin girl pregnancies. It requires hospitalization when you get it and you might have to visit the emergency more than once throughout your pregnancy. However it is usually gone by the time you reach your second trimester.
Causes of Acute Morning Sickness
As mentioned previously, there are many different possible causes for acute morning sickness, though it is rare and the cause can’t always be pinpointed. If your mother or grandmother experienced this severe form of sickness during pregnancy, you are twice as likely to experience it yourself. You are also more likely if this is your first pregnancy, if you become easily nauseated or dehydrated, if you were malnourished before becoming pregnancy, or if you are pregnant with twins (especially girls). Some people are susceptible to it and will have acute morning sickness for all of their pregnancies.
Symptoms of Acute Morning Sickness
Many women get some sort of morning sickness during early pregnancy, which consists of nausea and vomiting. However acute morning sickness is much more severe. It causes severe dehydration, vomiting excessively with any drink or food (and without nothing at all) and weight loss. Aside from this, symptoms include severe physical and emotional stress, depression, constipation, metabolic imbalances, bad taste in the mouth, shivering, and nutrition disorders. Prenatal vitamins, fatigue and hunger can worsen it.
Treatment of Acute Morning Sickness
When a woman is suffering from acute morning sickness, it is considered a severe condition and she should therefore get emergency medical treatment. Because it leads to severe dehydration, malnutrition and weight loss, it is dangerous for the baby and the mother. In the hospital, treatment includes rehydration through IV fluids, hypnosis, psychotherapy, total parental nutrition, sea bands and acupuncture, and medications that can help with the nausea without harming the baby. Intravenous feeding may also be required for the more severe cases of acute morning sickness.