5 Things to Know About Blood Clots

Under normal circumstances, blood clots are healthy and can actually save your life if you have an injury that causes bleeding. Blood clots exist to stop the flow of blood. However when it occurs at the wrong time or in the wrong way, it could a variety of conditions including stroke and heart attack. The dangers are present and may continue long after a blood clot has been discovered. In order to understand the dangers, you must first understand some basics regarding the issue. There are many causes of blood clotting disorders as well as preventative measures and ways to recognize symptoms.

Causes

Normal and abnormal blood clots start essentially the same way. When blood flows and becomes exposed to a specific type of substance, it can trigger the blood clotting. This promoted the formation of the thrombus, or the clot. They can be located in the blood vessel walls or in the skin. After an injury, this is needed to save a life as it prevents a constant flow of blood which could be fatal. However harmful blood clots can also form and be very damaging. Blood clots that travel to the brain often cause strokes.

Risk Factors

There are many things that can lead to abnormal blood clots forming. Some people are predisposed and have blood clotting disorders where their blood doesn’t flow normally on a regular basis. This doesn’t mean it is always damaging, but that they clot much more quickly than what is normal. Some of the risks of abnormal blood clotting include having a family history of abnormal blood clots, smoking and being obese.

Symptoms

Blood clotting in excess actually shows a wide range of symptoms that can help save your life. This includes having chest pains, especially when worsened if you take deep breaths, leg pain that won’t go away, shortness of breath, coughing up blood, and swelling and warmth on one side of your lower legs. You should never ignore these types of symptoms and get immediate medical attention if you experience them.

Blood Clot Alterations

Keep in mind that some medications and medical conditions can also lead to blood clots, also called as blood clot alterations. They might make them more or less likely. Things that interfere with the normal blood clotting process include taking aspirin, Warfarin, Heparin, a tissue plasminogen activator, hypercoagulable state, having hemophilia, or having von Willebrand factor deficiency.

Prevention

To prevent excessive and damaging blood clots, there are some things you can do. Avoid wearing tight socks, pants or other clothing items, allow your legs to be raised six inches above your heart periodically, wear compression stockings, do doctor-regulated exercises, change your sitting or standing position often, eat less salt, don’t sit or stand for long periods of time, avoid crossing your legs, don’t place pillows under your knees when sleeping, and raise the bottom of your bed a few inches.

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